box joint definition

As you can see from the image above, a box joint is very similar to a dovetail, with the difference being that the fingers in the box joint are rectangular rather than dovetail shaped. I don’t have all the cool hand tools Roy has so this project was built with machines. It has found a new use in joining man-made boards such as MDF. You have just cut the first finger and notch, precisely at the proper width. (the angle between the walls in the horizontal plane when your box is tipped up wouldn’t be 90 degrees anymore), Here’s a video where they call doing your compound angle box joint on a right angle a “twisted box joint”: I have a Tage Frid book where he does compound angled dovetails, he goes to a lot of trouble to ensure the pins and tails align with the grain. The jig itself provides a throat for the Dado set, the tape just keeps down the sawdust. Joints occur in all types of rocks. Continue cutting notches until all of the fingers of the workpiece have been formed. Strength and durability are important in a box joint but a decorative spline can add visual appeal to projects. 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To get the side and bevel angles needed for the project. For instance, if the fingers (and consequently the stacked dado set) are 1/2-inch wide, you should move the scrap one inch to the right and re-attach it to the miter gauge. There aren’t any “square” cuts. Maybe since the lifting handle is on the top / a side with the joints, they might like the twistedness to add a little wood so you aren’t relying completely on the glue. An additional complication is, now that the dado is angled, the slot will be slightly wider than the stack width. Cool. All the angles change and the side edges are no longer parallel. Hold the stock tightly against the scrap piece and run it through the saw. The beautiful old scientific instrument storage box I saw was about 9x12x18 tall with 3/8″ walls, and the fingers were about 1/4 to 3/8″ wide. You can easily cut the fingers of the box joint on a table saw with a set of dado blades. Definition of Joint: Joints are cracks or fracture present in the rocks along which there has been no displacement. Your fingers are horizontal when your box is sitting normally, but if you tip the assembled box up to hold one of your joints vertically, then the fingers on that joint would also tip upwards, and the joint would look somewhat like the box I saw. I got the case open and inside are three small straight-peg storage boxes–one a sliding pencil-case-like thing, and two open-sided sample bottle racks with 6 round 1″ holes on top. Not easy figuring out those angles though. Now that you have the jig made, grab one of the workpieces and place it on end, firmly against the scrap and up against the little guide you attached to the notch in the scrap. Dress up joints: splines add strength and decoration to mitered box joints After creating the basic design, cutting parts and assembly, we finished the box joint and veneered the torsion boxes. What if you didn't have access to a dovetail jig and a router? Cut the first edge with the miter gauge in the left hand gauge slot. It is not as elegant as dovetails, but certainly very appropriate in some circumstances. Wixey out the Angle . There are a few ways to cut box joints. This will act as a gauge for cutting the fingers. It is easier for me to think of these angles as offset from vertical (90 degrees) so I entered 75 degrees as the side slope. Since the stacked Dado set cuts a square bottomed slot, but the edge parallel fingers require a trapezoidal hole, there is a small triangle of material that must be removed from each of the slots by hand. There is a description of the tray in Roy’s book “The Woodwright’s Apprentice”. I found it was easier and more accurate to lay out the lines by calculating and measuring rise over run rather than use a protractor. Of course, you could always do it with a dovetail saw and chisel. Instead, the outside edge of this piece should be flush with the outside edge of the dado blade. A hotbox is an air-tight room or vehicle that contains one or more pot-smokers smoking one or more joints. I used tapered shims to get a straighter purchase for the clamps. For instance, what if you need to connect two pieces of plywood as opposed to hardwood? Here the two halves of the block have been smoothed, and pegs added so they will plug into my box joint jig. A couple plastic “Leitz Wetzler” sample bottles were strong hints that it might be an old Leitz Wetzler Microscope case. Simply pick a width for the fingers that will divide evenly into the width of the stock. I wish I took a picture — the canted fingers were really dramatic. This was the last one I made, in Yellow Pine from Home Depot stair treads. Once it is lined up, make the first cut, then proceed using the guide as noted above. It helps to label the faces as the small bevel angle is small and not obvious. ( Log Out /  All are cut by hand. Now, with the gauge and workpiece well clear of the blade, move the workpiece to the right and slip the newly cut notch over the little guide piece. Attach this piece in the notch in the scrap with a wood screw from the bottom, positioned so that it protrudes forward from the scrap toward the saw blade. People who install crown moulding are familiar with this. ( Log Out /  Then I laid out the lines for the necessary slopes all the way around the block. They may be vertical, inclines or even horizontal. One of (many) practice pieces showing the small triangular area at the top of each slot that must be removed. Get DIY project ideas and easy-to-follow crafts to help you spruce up your space. Finally, verify that the miter is still square to the blade, and turn on the saw and cut a new notch in the scrap in its current position. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. By using The Spruce Crafts, you accept our, How to Make Perfect Box Joints With a Table Saw Jig, How to Get the Most out of Your Table Saw, 7 Wood Joinery Methods That Use No Metal Fasteners, Joining Wood Together With Half Lap Joints, How to Make Louvered Doors and Window Shutters. It’s easier than it looks. I wonder if there’s a reason for doing the case like that or was it just decorative? I took some pictures and posted them at — they are not dovetails, but compound parallel-sided pins that could be cut with a dado and trimmed out with chisel (or as I suspect, cut out with a slitting saw ground with an angle profile) I think you could do them on your setup with a plain 10 degree fence, and a plain 10 degree tilt on your dado. But keep in mind, if the fingers end up crossing the grain they will be weakened. Now to remove the waste from the triangular area with a paring chisel. Note the masking tape throat plate. If you don't want to cut the fingers by hand, there are two ways to machine them. I’ve seen structures with angled joints as you describe. The opposing workpiece is cut in a similar manner, except that the first cut is not made with the stock up against the guide. If I had to do a lot of these I would investigate but it doesn’t take long with a sharp chisel. ( Log Out /  The piece being cut off now has it’s INSIDE face up. I think you’re correct, and would need the special ground blade only for the cuts on the top piece. Note the orientation. The end grain of the fingers can be a … I finished the angled seats with a paring chisel, it’s hard because the chisel has to be held at an angle. Set your test piece on one of the sloped side, and imagine the top and bottom off square to that side. While you should check the documentation that accompanies your jig for the exact instructions, the setup is basically just like cutting the tails of a dovetail joint except that the bit would be a straight-cutting bit rather than a dovetail bit.

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