Early 19th century from Malayalam, from mala (Tamil malai) ‘mountain’ + āḷ ‘man’. Besides the Raja of Kottarakkara and Unnayi Varyar referred to above, nearly a hundred plays were composed during this century by poets belonging to all categories and subscribing to all standards, such as Irayimman Tampi and Ashvati Raja, to mention just two. What is the meaning of Malayalam? It seems the Gitagovinda of Jayadeva provided a model for this type of literary composition. With the advent of E. V. Krishna Pillai, certain marks of novelty became noticeable in the short story. By the end of the 18th century some of the Christian missionaries from Kerala started writing in Malayalam but mostly travelogues, dictionaries and religious books. However, the named identity of this language appears to have come into existence only around the 16th century, when it was known as "Malayayma" or "Malayanma"; the words were also used to refer to the script and the region. There were other authors, less well-known, who wrote in this vein. Many prose works in the form of commentaries upon Puranic episodes form the bulk of the classical works in Malayalam. Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India.  Loanwords and influences also from Hebrew, Syriac, and Ladino abound in the Jewish Malayalam dialects, as well as English, Portuguese, Syriac, and Greek in the Christian dialects, while Arabic and Persian elements predominate in the Muslim dialects. Malayalam. But by far the most inspiring work of that time was Aphante Makal by M. B. Namboodiri, who directed his literary talents towards the abolition of old worn-out customs and manners which had for years been the bane of the community.  Malayalam and Sanskrit were increasingly studied by Christians of Kottayam and Pathanamthitta. It is one of 22 scheduled languages of India spoken by nearly 2.88% of Indians. It was left to the farsighted policy of the Maharaja of Travancore (1861 to 1880) to start a scheme for the preparation of textbooks for use by schools in the state. Kerala Varma V, a scholar in Sanskrit, Malayalam and English was appointed Chairman of the Committee formed to prepare textbooks. 3, Language and literature. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License; additional terms may apply. Malai is a type of clotted cream, originating from the Indian subcontinent, used in the cuisine of the Indian subcontinent, especially, in regards to sweets from the Indian subcontinent. 52 - 60. Singapore: Marshall Cavendish International (Asia). Ltd. A good number of authors familiar with the latest trends in English literature came forward to contribute to the enrichment of their mother tongue.
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