power sharing notes

While studying the Power Sharing Class 10 notes, you must also know that the state power should be divided among all administrative machinery stakeholders such as Legislature, Executive, and the judiciary. In a democracy, power is also shared among different political parties, pressure groups and movements. But the question that arises is: what is power sharing in a modern democratic state? An intelligent sharing of power among a legislature, executive and judiciary is very important to the design of a democracy. n the capital city Brussels, 80% people speak French while 20% are Dutch – speaking. this is your one stop solution. This choice is provided by the various political parties, who contest elections to win them. The govt. Class 10 Social Science notes on Chapter 1 Political Science-Power sharing are also available for download in CBSE Guide website. A democratic rule involves sharing power with those affected by its exercise, and who have to live with it effects. Power Sharing in Sri Lanka: Both these stories are about how democracies handle demands for power sharing. (ii) Protection of minority rights. We hope the given Power Sharing Class 10 Notes Social Science Civics Chapter 1 SST Pdf free download will help you. Social groups are also considered essential players in national governance, the most important being linguistic and religious groups. Tyranny of the majority is not just oppressive for the minority, it often brings ruin to the majority as well. To help students understand this through a real example, the chapter on Power Sharing in Class 10th civics begins with the story of Belgium and Sri Lanka, the two nations that faced the issues regarding power sharing and how they dealt with it. Thus, two different sets of reasons can be given in favor of power sharing. (ii) Spirit of democracy: Power sharing is the basic spirit of democracy. If their alliance is elected, they form a coalition government and thus share power.In a democracy, various pressure groups and movements also remain active. Among Tamils, there are two sub groups, Tamil natives of the country are called “Sri Lankan Tamils”; the rest whose forefathers came from India as a population workers during the colonial period, is called ‘Indian Tamils’. Belgium is a small country in Europe whose population comprises of Dutch speakers, French speakers and German speakers. No single community can take decisions unilaterally. As a result, the relations between the Sinhala and Tamil communities strained over time. The tension between two communities was acuter in Brussels. If you are looking for NCERT solutions for Class 10 Power Sharing, click here.. Power sharing: Power sharing is the distribution of power among the organs of the government like–legislature, executive and judiciary. CBSE class 10 Social Science Chapter 1 Political Science-Power sharing notes in PDF are available for free download in myCBSEguide mobile app. of Detailed Chapter Notes - Power Sharing, Class 10 SST | EduRev Notes for Class 10, the answers and examples explain the meaning of chapter in the best manner. Everyone has a voice in the shaping of public politics. This example of Power Sharing in Class 10 highlights the conduct of the Belgium government that took the stance of acknowledging the differences between the ethnic communities and dividing political power and rights among ethnic groups. A democratic government is chosen by the people. NCERT Solutions, NCERT Exemplars, Revison Notes, Free Videos, CBSE Papers, MCQ Tests & more. What role does power sharing have in minimising the possibility of conflicts amongst social groups. Reserved Constituencies: It is a system in which constituencies are reserved in the Assemblies and the Parliament for minorities in order to give them a fair share in power. In power-sharing, power might even be shared at distinct levels such as … using search above. With this chapter, we resume the tour of democracy that we started last year. The democratically elected government adopted a series of measures to establish Sinhala supremacy: The Sri Lankan Tamils felt that none of the major political parties led by the Buddhist Sinhala leaders were sensitive to their language and culture and the government policies denied them equal political rights. What is power sharing among different levels of government? The Tamils launched different movements and engaged in a political struggle for their rights only to be led down in the end. It is based on prudence, or on careful calculation of gains and losses. Belgium and Sri Lanka are two good examples of this situation. As per the chapter notes on Power Sharing in Class 10, such a separation of power is necessary so that none of these stakeholders enjoys unlimited power and balances out each other. verry verry good notes i have got 38 out of 40, Thanks for this not because It is very helpful for me. Innov8, 3, 20 Main Road Among Tamils, there are two sub groups, Tamil natives of the country are called “Sri Lankan Tamils”; the rest whose forefathers came from India as a population workers during the colonial period, is called ‘Indian Tamils’. Coalition Government: When the alliance of two or more parties gets elected and forms a government it is known as the Coalition Government. Power-sharing in contemporary democracies: In contemporary democracies, power-sharing takes the form of competition among different parties. https://leverageedu.com/blog/, Read Our Blog: https://leverageedu.com/blog/. A new constitution stipulated that the state shall protect and foster Buddhism. It essentially notes that giving space to everyone in a multi-ethnic or cultural society is necessary. It relies on joint exercise of power where all principal groups are given a permanent share in the governance. The Class 10 Chapter on Power Sharing notes that Belgium has a diverse ethnic population with 59% Dutch-speaking people living in the Flemish region, 40% French-speaking people living in the Wallonia region, and the remaining 1% man-speaking people living in the Belgian region. state govt. For example, Dutch, French and German speaking people form their respective community government, no matter where they live. Download revision notes for class 10 Notes and get score high in exams. The President would be from Maronite sect of Catholic Christians; The Prime Minister must be from the Sunni Muslim community; Deputy Prime Minister would be from an Orthodox Christian sect; that power of a government must not vest in one person or a group of persons. Thus, as a result, the civil war caused Sri Lanka its economic development. in which both the communities have equal, Q.2 What is majoritariamisum? Explain the prudential reasons for power sharing. Terms you need to know leaders of the sinhala community sought to secure dominance over the govt. Moral reasons: Let us call the first set of reasons PRUDENTIAL and the second moral. Mention the steps taken by the Sri Lankan government to achieve majoritarianism.Ans. In modern democracies, power sharing can take many forms, as mentioned below: Power is shared among different organs of government, such as the legislature, executive and judiciary. Vertical power sharing(i) Under the vertical sharing power, power is shared among the different levels of the governments. D-5 Road No. The civil war caused a terrible setback to the social, cultural and economic life of the country. Very nice and good notes for exam and for all things, It so good and excellent notes for10 class. We start with two stories from Belgium and Sri Lanka. Q.4. You can also find Detailed Chapter Notes - Power Sharing, Class 10 SST | EduRev Notes ppt and other Class 10 slides as well. The Belgium solution helped in avoiding civic strife, whereas the majoritarianism in Sri Lanka led to the civil war.Q.2. 59 per cent of the country’s total population lives in the Flemish region and speak Dutch language. Brussels is the capital of Belgium. Power sharing is desirable because it helps to reduce the possibility of conflict between the various social groups. With this chapter, we resume the tour of democracy that we started last year. Explain the moral reason for power sharing.Ans. The Belgium leaders tried to solve the ethnic problem by respecting communities and regions by establishing a federal government, whereas Sri Lankan government tried to solve the problem through majoritarianism. However, there are instances where one group or the other in a country has felt marginalised.

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